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Department: Doctor of Education/ Doctor of Philosophy in Education
Module Description: This module covers the underlying theory and forms of qualitative research approaches, methods and ethics as they apply to education. This includes acquiring a critical and interpretive understanding of qualitative research approaches, theories and concepts, as well as methods and techniques that constitute the qualitative research realm. This also includes an introduction to epistemology, ontology, and research ethics.
The emphasis in this module will be on an understanding of and rationale for adopting qualitative research for education, as well as controversies and debates about qualitative forms, the role of the researcher, rights of the research subject, cultural and social norms, and research practices in educational settings. This involves examining some of the more prominent forms and examples of qualitative research that are well-established in educational fields, such as grounded theory, ethnography, narrative research, semiotics, visual sources, historical methods, case studies, research for critical theory, existential, hermeneutic and phenomenological approaches. Also covered are a number of the major research methods including various types of interviews, types of observations, focus groups, archival and documentary sources, visual records, and journaling.
Indicative key readings
- Bernard, W. T. (2000). ‘Participatory research as emancipatory method: challenges and opportunities’, in D. Burton (ed.). Research Training for Social Scientists. London: Sage. pp. 167-185.
- Charmaz, K. (2014). Constructing grounded theory. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
- Crossley, M. & Watson, K. (2003). Comparative and international research in education: globalisation, context and difference. London: RoutledgeFalmer.
- Emerson, R., Fretz, R. & Shaw, L. (2011). Writing ethnographic field notes. 2nd edn. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Glesne, C. (2016). Becoming qualitative researchers: an introduction. 5th edn. Boston: Pearson.
- Gordon, T. Holland, J. & Lahelma, E. (2007). ‘Ethnographic research in educational settings’, in P. A. Atkinson, A. J. Coffey, S. Delamont, J. Lofland, & L. H. Lofland (eds). Handbook of ethnography. Los Angeles: Sage. pp. 188-203.
- Kvale, S. & Brinkmann, S. (2014). Interviews: learning the craft of qualitative research interviewing. 3rd edn. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
- Mahoney, J. & Goertz, G. (2006). A tale of two cultures: contrasting qualitative and quantitative research, Political Analysis, vol. 14, pp. 227-249.
- Oates, C. (2000). ‘The use of focus groups in social science research’, in D. Burton (ed.). Research training for social scientists. London: Sage. pp. 186-195.
- Odendahl, T. & Shaw, A. (2001). ‘Interviewing elites’, in J. Gubrium and J. Holstein (eds). Handbook of interview research: context & method. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
- Reed A.J.S. & Bergemann V.E. (2005). A guide to observation, participation, and reflection in the classroom. Boston: McGraw-Hill.
- Riessman, C.K. (2002). ‘Narrative analysis’, in A.M. Huberman and M. B. Miles (eds). The qualitative researcher’s companion. Thousand Oaks: Sage. pp. 217-270.
- Shah, S. & Corley, K. (2006). Building better theory by bridging the quantitative-qualitative divide, Journal of Management Studies, vol. 43 (8), pp. 1821-1835. Request this item
- Sheehy, K. (2005). Ethics and research in inclusive education: values into practice. London: Routledge Falmer.
- Stringer, E (2008). Action research in education. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
- Thomas, A. (2008). Focus groups in qualitative research: culturally sensitive methodology for the Arabian Gulf? International Journal of Research & Method in Education, vol. 31(1), pp. 77-88.
- Yin, R.K. (2018). Case study research: design and methods. 6th edn. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
- Alvesson, M. and Skoldberg, K. (2009). Reflexive methodology: new vistas for qualitative research methods. 2nd edn. London: Sage.
- Alvesson, M. (2011). Interpreting interviews. London: Sage.
- Alvesson, M. (2012). Making sense of management. 2nd edn. London: Sage.
- Beverley, J. (2013). ‘Testimonio, subalternity, and narrative authority’, in N. Denzin & Y. Lincoln (eds). Strategies of qualitative inquiry. Los Angeles: Sage, pp. 257-270.
- Creswell, J. (2018). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. 5th edn. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Denzin, N. K. and Lincoln, Y. S. (2013). The landscape of qualitative research. 4th edn. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
- Ely, M., Vinz, R. and Downing, M. (1997). On writing qualitative research: living by words. London: RoutledgeFalmer.
- Flick, U. (2018). An introduction to qualitative research. 6th edn. London: Sage.
- Gherardi, S. & Turner, B. (2002). ‘Real men don’t collect soft data’, in A.M. Huberman and M. B. Miles (eds). The qualitative researcher’s companion. Thousand Oaks: Sage. pp. 81-100.
- Gill, J., & Johnson, P. (2010). Research methods for managers. 4th edn. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
- Hayden, M., Levy, J. and Thompson, J. (2015). The Sage handbook of research in international education. 2nd edn. London: Sage.
- Huberman, A. M. & Miles, M. B. (eds). (2002). The qualitative researcher’s companion. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
- Lincoln, Y. & Guba, E. (2002). ‘Judging the quality of case study reports’, in A.M. Huberman & M. B. Miles (eds). The qualitative researcher’s companion. Thousand Oaks: Sage. pp. 205-215.
- McCracken, G. D. (1988). The long interview. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
- Marcus, J. (2001). ‘Orientalism’, in P. A. Atkinson, A. J. Coffey, S. Delamont, J. Lofland, & L. H. Lofland (eds). Handbook of ethnography. Los Angeles: Sage. pp. 109-117.
- Myers, M. D. (2013). Qualitative research in business and management. 2nd edn. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
- Ritchie, J. and Lewis, J. (eds). (2013). Qualitative research practice: a guide for social science students and researchers. 2nd edn. London: Sage.
- Rossman, G. B. and Rallis, S. F. (2012). Learning in the field: an introduction to qualitative research. 3rd edn. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
- Sánchez-Jankowski, M. (2002). ‘Representation, responsibility and reliability in participant-observation’, in T. May (ed.). Qualitative research in action. London: Sage. pp. 144-160.
- Stake, R. (1995). The art of case study research. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
- Stevenson, N. (2000). ‘Questions of hermeneutics: beyond empiricism and post-modernism’, in D. Burton (ed.). Research training for social scientists. London: Sage. pp. 21-32.
- Thomas, M. R. (2003). Blending qualitative & quantitative research methods in theses and dissertations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
- Wengraf, T. (2001). Qualitative research interviewing: biographic narrative and semi-structured methods. London: Sage.
- Wolcott, H. F. (2009). Writing up qualitative research. 3rd edn. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.